Glossary of Essential Oil Properties
Abortifacient: Capable of inducing abortion.
Analgesic: Numbing or pain relieving.
Anthelmintic: Expels parasitic worms from the body by either stunning or killing them. They may also be called vermifuges (stunning) or vermicides (killing).
Anti-bacterial: Destroys bacteria.
Anti-dontalgic: Relieves toothache.
Anti-emetic: Reduces the severity or incidence of vomiting.
Anti-fungal: Inhibits fungus growth.
Anti-galactagogue: Impedes or lessens the flow of breast milk.
Anti-hemorrhagic: Prevents or combats bleeding.
Anti-infectious: Helps the body strengthen its own resistance to infective organisms and rid the body of illness
Anti-inflammatory: Alleviates inflammation.
Anti-phlogistic: Counteracts inflammation
Anti-pruritic: Relieves or prevents sensation of itching
Anti-pyretic: Dispels heat, fire and fever (from the Greek word pyre, meaning fire).
Antiseptic: Assists in fighting germs and infections.
Anti-seborrheic: Helps control the oily secretion from sweat glands.
Anti-spasmodic: Relieves spasms of voluntary and involuntary muscles.
Anti-sudorific: To lessen sweating.
Anti-rheumatic: Prevents and/or relieves rheumatic pain and swelling.
Anti-tussive: Capable of relieving or suppressing a cough (from ANTI- + Latin tussis a cough)
Anti-toxic: Antidote or treatment to counteract the effects of poison.
Anti-viral: Inhibits growth of viruses.
Aperient: Mild laxative
Aphrodisiac: Increasing sexual desire and sexual functioning
Astringent: Firms tissue and organs; reduces discharges and secretions.
Balsamic: Soothing medicine or application having the qualities of balsam
Carminative: Relieves intestinal gas pain and distention; promotes peristalsis.
Carcinogenic: A substance that promotes cancer or cancerous growths
Cephalic: A substance which is stimulating and clearing for the mind.
Cholagogue: Stimulating the secretion of bile into the duodenum
Choleretic: Helps the liver to excrete bile, leading to greater bile flow
Cicatrisant: Promotes healing by cell-regeneration and formation of scar tissue.
Cytophylactic: Action of increasing the leukocyte activity to defend the body against infection.
Colic: Pain due to contraction of the muscle of the abdominal organs
Decongestant: Reduces nasal mucus production and swelling.
Demulcent: An agent protecting mucus membranes and helps stop irritation
Depurative: Helps to detoxify and to combat impurities in the blood and body
Detoxifier: Helps to detoxify and to combat impurities in the blood and body.
Diaphoretic: Causes perspiration and increased elimination through the skin.
Diuretic: Promotes activity of kidney and bladder and increases urination.
Emetic: Induces vomiting.
Emmenagogue: Helps promote and regulate menstruation. Helps the uterus to expel.
Emollient: Smoothes, softens and protects the skin.
Expectorant: Promotes discharge of phlegm and mucous from the lungs and throat.
Febrifuge: Helps to combat fever
Galactagogue: Helps to increase milk secretion.
Hemostatic: Stops the flow of blood. An astringent that stops bleeding or hemorrhaging.
Hypotensive: Lowers high blood pressure.
Immune stimulant: Stimulates functioning of the immune system.
Laxative: Promotes bowel movements.
Menorrhagia: Excessive blood loss during menstruation
Mucolytic: Breaks down mucus (pulmonary).
Narcotic: Substance inducing sleep
Nervine: Strengthens the functional activity of the nervous system; may be either a stimulant or sedative.
Neurotoxin: A substance having a toxic or harmful effect on the nervous system
Parturient: Assisting and helping childbirth
Rubifacient: Increases local blood circulation, can cause minor skin irritation, vasodilation and local analgesic effect.
Sedative: Calms and tranquilizes by lowering the functional activity of the organ or body part.
Soporific: A substance which helps to induce sleep
Stimulant: Increases functional activity of specific organ or system.
Stomachic: Serves to tone the stomach, improving its function and increasing appetite.
Tonic: Strengthens and restores vitality.
Sudorific: Increases sweating.
Vasoconstrictor: An agent which helps the contraction of blood vessels.
Vasodilator: An agent which helps the dilation of blood vessels.
Vermifuge: Expels intestinal worms
Vulnerary: An agent applied externally which helps to heal wounds and sores and helps to prevent tissue degeneration.