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Glossary of Essential Oil Properties

Glossary of Essential Oil Properties


 

Abortifacient: Capable of inducing abortion.


Analgesic: Numbing or pain relieving.


Anthelmintic: Expels parasitic worms from the body by either stunning or killing them. They may also be called vermifuges (stunning) or vermicides (killing).


Anti-bacterial: Destroys bacteria.


Anti-dontalgic: Relieves toothache.


Anti-emetic: Reduces the severity or incidence of vomiting.


Anti-fungal: Inhibits fungus growth.


Anti-galactagogue: Impedes or lessens the flow of breast milk.


Anti-hemorrhagic: Prevents or combats bleeding.


Anti-infectious: Helps the body strengthen its own resistance to infective organisms and rid the body of illness


Anti-inflammatory: Alleviates inflammation.


Anti-phlogistic: Counteracts inflammation


Anti-pruritic: Relieves or prevents sensation of itching


Anti-pyretic: Dispels heat, fire and fever (from the Greek word pyre, meaning fire).


Antiseptic: Assists in fighting germs and infections.


Anti-seborrheic: Helps control the oily secretion from sweat glands.


Anti-spasmodic: Relieves spasms of voluntary and involuntary muscles.


Anti-sudorific: To lessen sweating.


Anti-rheumatic: Prevents and/or relieves rheumatic pain and swelling.


Anti-tussive: Capable of relieving or suppressing a cough (from ANTI- + Latin tussis a cough)


Anti-toxic: Antidote or treatment to counteract the effects of poison.


Anti-viral: Inhibits growth of viruses.


Aperient: Mild laxative


Aphrodisiac: Increasing sexual desire and sexual functioning


Astringent: Firms tissue and organs; reduces discharges and secretions.


Balsamic: Soothing medicine or application having the qualities of balsam


Carminative: Relieves intestinal gas pain and distention; promotes peristalsis.


Carcinogenic: A substance that promotes cancer or cancerous growths


Cephalic: A substance which is stimulating and clearing for the mind.


Cholagogue: Stimulating the secretion of bile into the duodenum


Choleretic: Helps the liver to excrete bile, leading to greater bile flow


Cicatrisant: Promotes healing by cell-regeneration and formation of scar tissue.


Cytophylactic: Action of increasing the leukocyte activity to defend the body against infection.


Colic: Pain due to contraction of the muscle of the abdominal organs


Decongestant: Reduces nasal mucus production and swelling.


Demulcent: An agent protecting mucus membranes and helps stop irritation


Depurative: Helps to detoxify and to combat impurities in the blood and body


Detoxifier: Helps to detoxify and to combat impurities in the blood and body.


Diaphoretic: Causes perspiration and increased elimination through the skin.


Diuretic: Promotes activity of kidney and bladder and increases urination.


Emetic: Induces vomiting.


Emmenagogue: Helps promote and regulate menstruation. Helps the uterus to expel.


Emollient: Smoothes, softens and protects the skin.


Expectorant: Promotes discharge of phlegm and mucous from the lungs and throat.


Febrifuge: Helps to combat fever


Galactagogue: Helps to increase milk secretion.


Hemostatic: Stops the flow of blood. An astringent that stops bleeding or hemorrhaging.


Hypotensive: Lowers high blood pressure.


Immune stimulant: Stimulates functioning of the immune system.


Laxative: Promotes bowel movements.


Menorrhagia: Excessive blood loss during menstruation


Mucolytic: Breaks down mucus (pulmonary).


Narcotic: Substance inducing sleep


Nervine: Strengthens the functional activity of the nervous system; may be either a stimulant or sedative.


Neurotoxin: A substance having a toxic or harmful effect on the nervous system


Parturient: Assisting and helping childbirth


Pruritis: Itching


Pyrosis: Heartburn


Rubifacient: Increases local blood circulation, can cause minor skin irritation, vasodilation and local analgesic effect.


Sedative: Calms and tranquilizes by lowering the functional activity of the organ or body part.


Soporific: A substance which helps to induce sleep


Stimulant: Increases functional activity of specific organ or system.


Stomachic: Serves to tone the stomach, improving its function and increasing appetite.


Tonic: Strengthens and restores vitality.


Sudorific: Increases sweating.


Vasoconstrictor: An agent which helps the contraction of blood vessels.


Vasodilator: An agent which helps the dilation of blood vessels.


Vermifuge: Expels intestinal worms


Vulnerary: An agent applied externally which helps to heal wounds and sores and helps to prevent tissue degeneration.